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EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION TERMINOLOGY

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Abuse Listen to this Term in Navajo

The action of a person hurting or not caring for another person who generally is younger or weaker.

Navajo phrase for abuse

(one does abusing)

Academic Difficulty Listen to this term in Navajo

When a child has difficulty keeping up with others in an educational program.

Navajo Phrase for academic difficulty

(schooling/education, having difficulty)

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Listen to this term in Navajo

A disease of the human immune system that is caused by HIV infection. The infection is transmitted in blood and bodily secretion and can become life threatening.

Navajo Phrase for AIDS

(infectious disease, preventing it, fights, on it, hampered)

Adaptive Behavior Listen to this term in Navajo

Development of self-help skills such as sucking, feeding, dressing, and toileting.

Navajo Phrase for Adaptive Behavior

(just one, takes care of self; just, him/herself, care of self, he/she learned)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Listen to this term in Navajo

Diagnosis used for children who are overly energetic or hyper and have trouble staying focused on one thing.

Navajo phrase for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

(a child, in vain, sit still, usually, toward him/her, spoken, but, somewhere, his/her thoughts, will be)

Navajo phrase for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

(full attention, not, able to do)

Advocating Listen to this term in Navajo

To provide resource information, support services and/or educational opportunities for children with special needs and their families to assure that those needs are made known to professional care-givers, service providers, and others as well as the general public.

Navajo phrase for advocating

(speaking out for oneself, when difficult, for him/her, advocating)

Aggression Listen to this term in Navajo

Initiating and acting with hostile behaviors. A behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain by biting, hitting, and /or throwing objects.

Navajo phrase for aggression

(one's anger, one is)

American Sign Language Listen to this term in Navajo

A sign language for the deaf in which communication is conveyed by a system of articulated hand gestures and their placement relative to the upper body.

Navajo phrase for advocating

(when one does jestering/motioning, story/information about it)

Anxiety Disorder Listen to this term in Navajo

A state of uneasiness.

Navajo Phrase for Anxiety Disorder

(with self, anxiety disorder)

Apraxia

Difficulty producing deliberate, volitional movements, even though there is no weakness, slowness, or incoordination resulting from muscular impairment. The programming of the muscles by the brain is imprecise.

Navajo Term for Apraxia

(one's mouth, difficulty, not, very well, speaking/talks)

Articulation Listen to this term in Navajo

Movement of the lips, tongue, teeth, and palate into specific patterns to produce speech sounds.

Navajo Phrase for articulation

(language, not hard/difficult, consonant, and vowels, sounds, with it one speaks, will be)

Assessment Tools Listen to this term in Navajo

Formal and informal methods used by trained personnel to measure a child's ability, growth and development (strengths and weaknesses). This may involve discussions, observations, and testing. The family's input and ideas are very important to anyone using assessment tools with any young child.

Navajo Phrase for Assessment Tools

(children, growing, just now, with them, developing, with it, evaluation/assessment)

Assistive Devices Listen to this term in Navajo

Any item, piece of equipment, or product system used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with special needs. These items may be acquired commercially, off the shelf, modified, or customized.

Navajo Phrase for Assistive Devices

(something, just, designed, body, helps/assists it, using it)

Assistive Technology Listen to this term in Navajo

Devices and materials used to assist or to help increase, maintain, or improve the functional abilities of children with disabilities.

Navajo phrase for Assistive Technology

(something, body, assist it, how it is use)

At Risk for Delay (due to biological/medical factors) Listen to this term in Navajo

The presence of early conditions which are known to produce developmental delays in some children.

Navajo Phrase for At Risk for Delay

(his/her, on it, something the matter, because, in their future, normal being, with it, toward them, at risk)

Attention Seeking Listen to this term in Navajo

Children acting in ways to focus others on their behavior or themselves. Seeking attention by acting out.

Navajo Phrase for Attention Seeking

(about me, everyone is aware of, the one who wants attention)

Navajo Phrase for Attention Seeking

(attention seeking, only, wanted)

Audiogram Listen to this term in Navajo

Standard graph used to record hearing thresholds by frequency and hearing level.

Navajo Phrase for Audiogram

(one's hearing, for one, evaluation of it, paper, on it, documented)

Audiological Evaluation Listen to this term in Navajo

Procedures used by appropriate/qualified personnel to determine the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss and/or communication function of a child. The evaluation is used to design intervention/prevention services for hearing loss.

Navajo Phrase for Audiological Evaluation

(children, his/her hearing, examination)

Audiologist Listen to this term in Navajo

One who holds a degree and/or certification in audiology, and whose specific interest is in identification, measurement, and rehabilitation of persons with hearing impairments.

Navajo Phrase for Audiologist

(children, his/her hearing, one who does examination)

Audiology Listen to this term in Navajo

Study of hearing and hearing disorders; it is concerned with assessment of the nature and degree of hearing loss, and rehabilitation of individuals with hearing impairments.

Navajo Phrase for Audiology

(ear, at that area/place/space/service, sutdy and working with it)

Auditory (Hearing) Impairment Listen to this term in Navajo

Damage of the hearing organs or sensors, which results in temporary or permanent loss of hearing of a person.

Navajo Phrase for auditory impairment

(deaf/unable to hear)