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EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION TERMINOLOGY

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E

Ear Drum Listen to this term in Navajo

The thin membrane that separates the middle ear from the external ear.

Navajo Term for Ear Drum

(inner ear, covering membrane)


Early Childhood Listen to this term in Navajo

The age category-describing children ages birth to five years.

Navajo Term for Early Childhood

(small children, his/her thought/mind, soft/tender, growth, and development, study of, work with)


Early Intervention Listen to this term in Navajo

Special services designed to meet the developmental needs of eligible infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities and their families.

Navajo Term for Early Intervention

(children, toward them, deficient/needs, beforehand, for them, care for, working with them)


Early Interventionist Listen to this term in Navajo

A specialist who provides early intervention services to a child with special needs and whose role and responsibilities include serving as a liaison and advocating for the child and his/her family.

Navajo Term for Early Interventionist

(baby, and, children, toward them, deficient/needs, beforehand, for them, working with them, the one who works with them)


Educational Diagnostician Listen to this term in Navajo

A certified specialist who identifies and determines the educational needs of a child using evaluations, testing, and analysis of the child's cognitive process.

Navajo Term for Educational Diagnostician

(learning, based on it, mind/thought, one who test/examination)


Eligibility Listen to this term in Navajo

To meet the criteria for developmental delay, established conditions, and/or at risk, which are usually determined based upon evaluations and assessments.

Navajo Term for Eligibility

(according to the evaluation findings, based on it, knowing it, with it, for him/her, eligible)


Emotionally Disturbed (ED) Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

A term used by schools to describe children who are unable to behave appropriately or establish satisfactory relationships with their peers. A state of mental agitation or disturbance; when one has no control of disturbed feelings such as being overjoyed, sorrowful, or hateful. These children may be eligible for psychological services at their schools.

Navajo Term for Emotionally Disturbed

(very much, his/her mind/thought, disturbed/set in placed/at risk)

Navajo Term for Emotionally Disturbed

(his/her thought/mind, injured, toward it, special needs)

Navajo Term for Emotionally Disturbed

(with one, feelings/emotions, deficient/needs, it became)

 


Emotions

Following are a list of common emotions expressed.

Day Dream/Fantasize Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

To indulge in creative imagination; a dreamlike musing while awake.

Navajo Term for Day Dream

(something, one’s mind, steers it about)

Navajo Term for Day Dream

(staring into space, something, about it thinks/just, with one, fantasizes, somewhere, one thinks)

Navajo Term for Day Dream

(somewhere, one thinks)

Defiant Listen to this term in Navajo

Full of defiance; resisting, challenging, and/or to contend or fight.

Navajo Term for Defiant

(without hesitation, becomes angry/madness)

Depressed Listen to this term in Navajo

A psychological characteristic displaying a sense of being low in spirits.

Navajo Term for Depressed

(worries/sadness, going about with it)

Navajo Term for Depressed

(things not going well)

Detached Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

A child separating or freeing himself/herself from the emotional dependency of others such as a parent or caregiver.

Navajo Term for Detached

(his/her mind/emotion, none)

Navajo Term for Detached

(not, taking it upon oneself)

Distracted Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

To sidetrack or divert from one activity, direction, and/or issue to another.

Navajo Term for Distracted

(one does distraction, one became distracted)

Navajo Term for Distracted

(somewhere, possibly, his/her thought)

Excessive Crying Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

When one cries or complains with frequent sobbing beyond what in normal and is easily agitated with little or no cause.

Navajo Term for Excessive Crying

(continuously cries)

Navajo Term for Excessive Crying

(crying continuously)

Fear

Relating to or constituting exaggerated fear and intolerance of the fear.

Navajo Term for Fear

(very much, afraid, frightened behavior)

Frustrated Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

A behavior demonstrating a feeling of discouragement of an act, activity, and/or event.

Navajo Term for Frustrated

(unable to handle something)

Navajo Term for Frustrated

(very much, hard to handle something)

Navajo Term for Frustrated

(frustrated, unable to so task)

Sadness Listen to this term in Navajo

An emotional state affected with, or expression of, grief or unhappiness.

Navajo Term for Sadness

(not, with him/her, happy)

Withdrawn Listen to this term in Navajo

To isolate, choosing to set away from others, and preferring to be alone.

Navajo Term for Withdrawn

(just, separately, keeps him/herself)

Navajo Term for Withdrawn

(very much, shy)


Ears, Nose, Throat (ENT) Listen to this term in Navajo

A development within a health facility which performs assessment, evaluation, testing, and investigation of the ear, nose, and throat functions as well as provides rehabilitation, counseling, training, and education services in these areas of sensory functions.

Navajo Term for Ears, Nose, Throat

(ears and nose and, throat, laboratory work)


Environmental Cause/Factors Listen to this term in Navajo

Physical, social and/or economic factors in a child's environment, which can seriously threaten development.

Navajo Term for Environmental Causes

(children, around them, environment, on them, cause illness, and cause them to have difficulties, will be)


Epilepsy Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

Various disorders marked by disturbed electrical rhythms of the central nervous system and typically manifested by convulsive attacks usually with clouding of consciousness.

Navajo Term for Epilepsy

(child/children, his/her mind/thought, becomes lost/empty)

Navajo Term for Epilepsy

(child/children, his/her mind/thought, becomes lost/empty, falls over/black out)


Established Condition Listen to this term in Navajo

A diagnosed physical, mental, or neuro-biological condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay (developmental delay may not be exhibited at the time of diagnosis). Examples: Down’s Syndrome, Metabolic Disorders, Hydrocephalus, Neural Tube Defects (e.g. spina bifida), Hemorrhage, and Cerebal Palsy.

Navajo Term for Established Condition

(baby, body impairment, because delay will be)

 


Evaluation Report Listen to this term in Navajo

A formal written document describing detailed information on the investigation and findings of a child's development, strengths and needs.

Navajo Term for Evaluation Report

(according to the laboratory work, based on it, knowing it/results, and paper, by it, written report)


Evaluation/Assessment/Testing Listen to this term in Navajo

Procedures used by qualified personnel to determine a child's initial and continuing eligibility for services; evaluation procedures are designed to identify the nature and extent of developmental delays or established condition, including the child's status in each of the developmental areas.

Navajo Term for Evaluation Assessment

(testing, by it, knowing it/results, will be)


Exposure to Toxins Listen to this term in Navajo Listen to this term in Navajo

A condition being subject to poisonous substances, produced by living cells or organisms that cause disease when entered into the body.

Navajo Term for Exposure to Toxins

(things bad, one got into it/contaminate)

Navajo Term for Exposure to Toxins

(around one, dangerous substances, one got into it/contaminate)